Clase digital 1. Anécdotas, incidentes, noticias y lo que hacía el hombre en el pasado

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Anécdotas, incidentes, noticias y lo que hacía el hombre en el pasado

Presentación del tema


It is a pleasure to welcome you to this digital resource called English C, where you will learn about different topics in the English language; therefore in this class we will see the following:

  • Anécdotas, incidentes y noticias
  • Pasado continuo y la relación entre pasado simple y pasado continuo
  • Pronombres reflexivos
  • Lo que hacía el hombre en el pasado
  • Used to

What is the development of the contents of this virtual resource going to help you? Allow yourself a moment and reflect on it.

Fig. 1. 10 Reasons to study English. Tomado de

Surely this reflection will have generated some of the answers shown in the previous figure, and this allows you to feel fully motivated to continue studying English as a second language. Let’s start with a Diagnosis.

To begin the diagnosis of your acquired skills so far, carry out a self-assessment and determine if you can:

“Display social functions using the usual ways of greeting, saying goodbye, addressing others kindly, asking how they are and reacting to news. Effectively carry out social exchanges about the family, goods and services, public transport, addresses and basic information that are being carried out at the moment. Knowing how to describe in simple terms aspects of their past and their environment, as well as issues related to their immediate needs”.

Otherwise, refer to your English B materials and try to review the content necessary to achieve the required competencies. If you have previous knowledge, it is time to start with the contents of this class.

Let’s start with the content of this first class where we will analyze:

1. Anecdotes, incidents and news
1.1 Past continuous and the relationship between past simple and past continuous
1.2 Reflexive pronouns

2. What man did in the past
2.1 Used to

¿Ready?… Let’s begin.

1. Anécdotas, incidentes y noticias

When we try to talk about something that happened to us or read news in media sources like TV, the internet, newspapers and radio most headlines are in the past. But first we must understand time frames. 

Past, present and future are the three-time frames that are used to describe or indicate verb tense. Past tense is used to describe actions that occurred in the past; present tense is used to describe actions that are currently taking place; and future tense is used to describe an action that will take place in the future.

A.Simple tenses

The simple tenses are used for actions that occurred at a specific time either in the present, past or future, but they do not state whether the action is finished. They are present (simple), past (simple) and future (simple).

B.Progressive  or continuous tenses

The progressive tenses are used to indicate an unfinished action.

In this unit we will review the activities taking place at a certain time in the past:

  • The past progressive puts emphasis on the course of an action in the past.
  • The simple past, sometimes called the preterit, is used to talk about a completed action in a time before now.

To present your story you could use the following Time Expressions: 
when, while, in those days, all morning, for hours, at that time.

And to present the person besides personal pronouns you can use: Reflexive pronouns: myself/ yourself/ herself/ himself/ itself/ ourselves/yourselves/themselves

These structures can be useful with the following vocabulary:

Embarrassing-awkward situations: walk into a glass door, spill sauce on your shirt, wear slippers to class, fall asleep in class, knock something over, say the wrong name, wear clothes inside out, sit on wet paint, wave at someone you think you know, show up on the wrong day of an appointment, miss the bus stop, fall down in the middle of the street, bump into someone/something, make a fool yourself.

What to do when we are in some of these situations?

If anyone presented a story about an embarrassing situation you could use Follow-up expressions:

That’s interesting/ awesome/ awful/ hilarious/ amazing/ fabulous/ great/ lovely.
Oh, no! That sounds embarrassing
Oh, that’s nice
Well, that was lucky
Oh, no! I bet you were upset.
I guess you weren’t happy with that
I can’t believe it. That’s really annoying
Oh, no! I bet you freaked out

2. Lo que hacía el hombre en el pasado

The story of human origins is complicated. The first humans emerged in Africa around two million years ago, long before the modern humans known as Homo sapiens appeared on the same continent. As we know by now, to talk about history we used the past tense, but another expression is “used to”.-


Historians rely on written records and archaeological evidence to understand more about human history. They use these resources to divide human existence into main historical eras.

The following is vocabulary related to Historical eras:
Pre-historic era, Ancient period, Dark ages, Viking age, Middle ages, Renaissance, Victorian era, Age of Enlightenment, Industrial Revolution, Modern age, Digital Revolution.

To understand all about these topics, please check the materials suggested.

Objetivo didáctico de la clase

En esta primera lección se espera que el estudiante sea capaz de narrar en inglés situaciones que sucedieron en pasado o que duraron sucediendo en el pasado para poder presentar anécdotas personales, por ello se requiere del desarrollo de pronombres reflexivos, así como de establecer lo que se hacía en el pasado y que ya no sucede, por lo que deberá dominar la estructura “used to”.

Contenido didáctico

No.Nombre del recursoSinopsisTipo de recursoEnlace Web
1Past simple vs past continuousPresenta la diferencia entre el pasado simple y el pasado continuo en inglésPágina web[Acceder]
2past progressiveExplica el pasado progresivo en inglésvideo[Acceder]
3Reflexive pronouns in EnglishExplica los pronombres reflexivos– myself, yourself, himself, herself, themselves, ourselvesvideo[Acceder]
4Embarrassing situationsEmbarrassing situations 
video sobre el vocabulario:  embarrassing situations
5“used to”Explicación de la forma “used to”blog[Acceder]
6Used to (Grammar)Explicación de la forma “used to”video[Acceder]
7Historical erasExplicación del vocabulario sobre etapas histó[Acceder]

Resumen e ideas relevantes de la clase digital

Remember, there are two kinds of verbs in English: regular and irregular verbs.

Regular verbs are the verbs which follow certain rules for making their past and past participle forms. There are several spelling and pronunciation rules for the past and past participle forms of regular verbs.

Irregular verbs are verbs which do not follow a rule for making their past and past participle forms. You will need to learn these forms by heart to use them properly.

We form the past simple of most regular verbs by adding -ed to the main verb. 

  • For verbs ending in -e, we add –d.
    • love – loved
  • For verbs ending in a consonant + y, we drop the –y and add –ied.
    • cry – cried
  • For verbs ending in a stressed vowel between two consonants, we double the last consonant and add -ed.
    • stop – stopped

For irregular verbs their spelling in the simple past tense Is different and you have to memorize them.

The past progressive puts emphasis on the course of an action in the past. The action verb tells us what the subject of our clause or sentence is doing-physically or mentally. When you use the past continuous with two actions in the same sentence, it expresses the idea that both actions were happening at the same time. 

We form the past progressive with “was” or “were” and the “-ing form” of the verb. 

And for routines, habits or mood in the past we can use simple past or also use the expression “used to” as another expression to talk about things that happened in the past for former habits or facts that are no longer true. 

I used to goI didn’t use to goDid I use to go?
You used to goYou didn’t use to goDid you use to go?
He used to goHe didn’t use to goDid he use to go?
She used to goShe didn’t use to goDid he use to go?
It used to goIt didn’t use to goDid it use to go?
We used to goWe didn’t use to goDid we use to go?
They used to goThey didn’t use to goDid they use to go?
Please review all the vocabulary suggested in the presentation for this lesson. This is all for this class, don’t forget to work on your consigna and evaluation.

Until next time!!!