Clase digital 3. Ir de compras, compras en línea y precios. Comida, recetas y supermercado

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Ir de compras, compras en línea y precios. Comida, recetas y supermercado


Hello dear student! It is a privilege to have you in this new virtual class. 

Welcome again.

In this opportunity we will work in the following: 

Ir de compras, compras en línea y precios.

  • Like to, Want to, Need to, Have to
  • How much is/are ….? How much do/does …cost?
  • Pronombres demostrativos 
  • Substitution pronouns: one, ones.
  • Ropa y accesorios
  • Compras en línea

Comida, recetas y supermercado 

  • Sustantivos contables y no contables 
  • How much…? /How many…?

Como puedes ver al termino serás capaz de ir de compras, hacer compras en línea y pedir el precio de un objeto, hablar de comida, cuantificadores y recetas. Ojalá no tengas hambre porque vamos a hablar mucho de comida.


Desarrollo del tema

Para iniciar con esta clase veamos 4 verbos importantes en inglés:

  • Like to (gustar). 
  • Need to (necesitar). 
  • Want to (querer). 
  • Have to (tener que). 

Estas expresiones te serán de mucha utilidad al realizar compras, pues podemos con ellos señalar lo que nos gusta, necesitamos, queremos y tenemos que comprar.

Veamos más en el siguiente video:

Aprendamos un poco más acerca de estas expresiones:


Otras frases realmente útiles para el momento de comparar son las que nos permiten pedir el precio de un objeto, por lo tanto, debemos usar las expresiones:

How much is/are ….? How much do/does …cost?

  • How much is it? 
  • How much does the phone cost?

Pronombres demostrativos/Demonstrative pronouns: This/That. These/Those

We use this/that/these/those to explain what we are talking about. We sometimes use them with nouns and we sometimes use them on their own.We use “this” (singular) and “these” (plural) to talk about things close to us, and “that” (singular) and “those” (plural) to talk about things at some distance away from us.

Substitution pronouns: One/ones, none.  

When we are talking about countable things, we can use ONE or ONES if it is clear what we are talking about.

To avoid repeating yourself, you can use ONE when you are talking about a singular countable noun or ONES when you are talking about a plural countable noun. But it has to be clear from the situation what you are talking about.

  • I asked for a glass, but they did not have one.
  • I broke my glasses so I will have to buy some new ones.
  • I like those shoes, but let’s buy THESE ones.

A very important point about using «one» is that it is referring to an indefinite thing.

  • «One» is to «it» as «a» is to «the».

You cannot use «one» to replace a definite thing, like «the car» or «my bike», or a proper noun, like something’s name. In the definite case, you need a pronoun, like «it».

Compare: «I need a pen. Do you have one?» and «The car broke down. I need to take it to the mechanic.»

Please review the following video:

None is the pronoun form of no. None means ‘not one’ or ‘not any’. We use it as a pronoun to replace countable and uncountable nouns. We use it as subject or object:

Lori seemed to try to find some strength which would let her speak. But none came. (No strength came.)

My mother has two brothers. My father none. (My father didn’t have any brothers.)

  • What reasons did he give? None.

When none is the subject, the verb is either singular or plural depending on what it is referring to.

  • I’m always looking for inspiration. None ever comes.
  • She’s always looking for ideas. None ever come.

Warning:  We don’t use none where we mean no one or nobody:

  • They had a wonderful time and luckily no one was injured.

Not: … and luckily none was injured.

For listening practice let’s check:

From the video, can you find how much is the blue collar?

Now it is time to practice demonstratives: This/That, These/Those, one/ones.

Ropa y accesorios

Antes de comenzar con este tema puedes contestar lo siguiente:

  • What are you wearing today? 
  • Can you find three items that have a plural form? Why? 
  • How many pairs of jeans do you own?

To answer these questions, we need clothes and accessories vocabulary.

Clothes and Accessories:

Dress, skirt, blouse, shirt, t-shirt, sweater, jacket, coat, suit, hat, scarf and gloves, belt, purse, handbag, pants/ trousers.

Extended list: jumper, sneakers/ tennis shoes, hoodie, sweatshirt, vest/waistcoat, tank top, sweater, cardigan, jeans, blazer, boots, shorts, polo shirt, dress, sleeveless shirt, trench coat, winter coat, mittens, gloves, socks, swimsuit, bikini, straw hat, cap, scarf, suit, umbrella, sunglasses, apron, necklace, watch, ring, earrings, tie, bow tie, high heels, flip flops, flats, wallet, purse,  under pants/ underwear/ bra.

In the following videos we can practice this vocabulary: 

Veamos los nombres de las siguientes prendas y accesorios:


While shopping in English, there are different categories that you may have questions about. This probably does not differ from their shopping situation at home, but it helps to categorize things and make them easier to teach and learn.

a. Asking about location

Since western shops can be very, very large and have an abundance of products, things are all over the place. Some common questions ask where things are, where some departments are or where the bathroom is. Common phrases:

  • Where is the (singular product)?
  • Where are the (plural product)?
  • Where is the (product) department?
  • Where is the (bathroom/cash register/customer service desk)?

b. Asking about specifications

There are so many things in so many colors, shapes, sizes, brands, models and more. It is overwhelming sometimes, but knowing what questions to ask about the specific aspects of the product you are looking for can really help out. Common phrases:

  • Do you have this/these in color/size/material?
  • Do you have (brand name) (products)? — For example, “Do you have Nike athletic shoes?”
  • What (color/size/material) do you have this/these in?

c. Asking about price

This one is vital especially since some things do not have price tags on them. This will come in handy when you are out there in the big shopping world and cannot find the price anywhere. Common phrases:

  • How much is this?
  • How much are these/those?
  • How much does it cost?
  • How much do they cost?

d. Asking about payment

Most English-speaking countries love money. They do not want to refuse money in any shape or form, so they are starting to accept all sorts of payment methods. So, what should you do when you are unsure about a store’s accepted payment methods?

The best way to approach the situation is typically to decide how do you want to pay (whether it is a foreign credit card, traveler’s check or even a bank transfer) and ask the simple question “Can I pay with (payment method)?

It works much easier than asking how you could pay than getting a list of all acceptable payment methods, but one may certainly ask, “What are your accepted forms of payment?”. You should be prepared to hear and give answers of “cash only,” “credit,” “debit” and “checks”.

e. Asking about functionality

This one is important too since some products may work for all desired purposes, while other products are meant for more specific purposes or perhaps have some limitations. If you want to make sure something works with something else or in some specific way while shopping, then it is good to ask about functionality before you drop the money on it. Common phrases

  • Does this work with (other product)?
  • Can this (verb)?
  • Can I use this to (verb)?

f. Asking about refunds and exchanges

The western world loves to please the customer to make shopping an “experience” and one way they do this is with exchanges and returns. It is not uncommon that some shops in certain countries will give exchanges and/or returns after purchase, so it is a good idea to learn some phrases that could be useful in case something happens (while the student is still in the visited country, of course). Common phrases:

  • Can I exchange this if (situation)?
  • What is the return/exchange policy?
  • Can you deliver this to (place)?
  • When will (product) be available?
  • What (product/color/style) do you recommend?

Who says it? Look at the useful language for shopping. Choose Sales assistant or Customer to show who is talking. S – sales assistant C – customer.

sizeWhat size are you? (1)I’m a small/medium/large. (2)
changing/fitting roomWhere can I try it on? (3)The changing rooms are over there. (4)
do you like it?It looks good on you. / It suits you.(5)Thanks! / It doesn’t fit. (6)
colorsHow many colors does it come in? (7)It comes in red, yellow or green. (8)
priceHow much is it? (9)It’s $30. / It’s on sale – only
$50! (10)
payingAre you paying in cash? (11)By credit card. / In cash. (12)

Online shopping

Delivery, shipping, ordering, shopping cart, payment process, complaint, refund, store pick up, debit card, credit card, discount coupon, smart shopping, shopaholic.

  1. Do you like to shop and what are some things you usually like to shop for besides the basics?
  2. How have shops and stores changed over the years? 
  3. Are you an online shopper and what do you typically buy? How does this experience compare to shopping in a physical store?
  4. How are the terms ‘consumption’ and ‘consumerism’ related? What role does consumerism play in the environment, the economy, and in our daily life? Do you think consumerism can affect our well-being?
  5. What are the differences between «needs» and «wants»? Do you think society’s needs and wants to have changed over the years?

In following videos, we will review the pros and cons of online shopping:

Write some of the pros and cons for shopping online and traditional shopping.

Type of shoppingProsCons
Online shopping
On store shopping

Comida, recetas y supermercado

Para hablar de comida y supermercado primero debemos entender la diferencia entre sustantivos contables y no contables.

Let´s review the following grammar explanation on it:

Countable Nouns (contables)

Los nombres o sustantivos contables son aquellos que se pueden contar.

  • one [a] pencil(un lápiz)
  • two cats(dos gatos)
  • three houses(tres casas)

Uncountable Nouns (incontables)

Los nombres o sustantivos incontables son aquellos que no podemos contar porque no los podemos delimitar individualmente, sino que forman parte de un todo. Son tratados como singulares (no se pueden hacer plurales añadiendo “-s”), como en el caso de: salt (sal), wood (madera), tea (té), wine (vino), sugar (azúcar),  bread (pan), furniture (muebles), hair (pelo), information (información),  money (dinero),  weather (tiempo), time (tiempo), rice (arroz)…

Sin embargo, en el momento que los delimitamos, estos mismos nombres o sustantivos pasan a ser contables. Deberán ir precedidos, si quieren individualizarse, de alguna palabra con valor partitivo.

  • a gram of salt(un gramo de sal)
  • a piece of wood(un trozo de madera)
  • two cups of tea(dos tazas de té)
  • three glasses of wine(tres vasos de vino)

Grammatical Rules 

1. Nombres contables tienen una forma plural:

  egg → eggs(huevo/s)
bicycle → bicycles(bicicleta/s)
  dress → dresses(vestido/s)

Nombres incontables no tienen una forma plural:

  rice(arroz) “rices” no existe… es siempre “rice”
  milk(leche) “milks” no existe…

2. Se puede usar “a” o “an” con nombres contables en singular:

  an apple(una manzana)
  a house(una casa)

No podemos usar “a” o “an” con nombres incontables.

3. Se pueden usar números delante de un contable:

  three apples(tres manzanas)
  five houses(cinco casas)

No podemos usar números delante de un incontable.

There are many errors we commit with countable and uncountable noun, let´s review them in the following video:

Estos conceptos son esenciales para entender las expresiones:

How much…? /How many…?

When we want to know the quantity or amount of something, we ask questions starting with How much and How many.  Review the following video first:

HOW MUCH …? – (Quantity). How much is used with uncountable nouns. HOW MUCH + UNCOUNTABLE NOUN

  • How much time do we have to finish the test?
  • How much money did you spend?
  • How much sugar would you like in your coffee?
  • How much paper will I need?
  • How much milk is in the fridge?
  • How much traffic was there on the way to work?
  • If the verb “Be” is used with an uncountable noun, it is in singular form (= IS or WAS etc.)

HOW MUCH …? – (Price) How much can also be used when we want to know the PRICE of something. In this case, we can use How much with countable nouns (both singular and plural nouns).

  • How much is that painting?
  • How much are those shoes?
  • How much did your jacket cost?
  • How much is the dress on display in the window?
  • How much will it cost me?
  • How much does it cost ?

HOW MANY …? – (Quantity) How many is used when we want to know the QUANTITY of something. It is only used with plural countable nouns. HOW MANY + PLURAL NOUN

  • How many days are there in January?
  • How many people work in your company?
  • How many cousins do you have?
  • How many books did you buy?
  • How many countries are there in the world?
  • How many students are in the class right now?
  • How many chairs are there in this room?
  • How many pieces of chocolate would you like?

Para hablar de cuánto es que necesitamos de un sujeto no contable, generalmente señalamos cuantificadores o contenedores, puesto que no podemos cuantificar cosas como la leche, pues es imposible contar gases, líquidos… y por ello señalamos el contenedor en el que se encuentra; así podemos pedir un vaso o un galón de leche. Entonces veamos vocabulario muy útil para este propósito:

Cuantificadores y contenedores/Quantifiers and containers: Some, any, a lot of, much, many, several, lots of, plenty, hardly any, a little, little, both, a number of, a few, few, each, every, a couple of, no, bar, slice, box, loaf, carton, jar, piece, can, bottle, bag, package, plastic container, a pinch, a dash, a bunch, a spoonful, a teaspoon, tablespoon, a cup, dices, a bowl.  Para revisar más sobre este vocabulario revisa:

Si ya estas listo puedes practicar en el siguiente enlace:

Match the expressions.

1. a slice ofa. baguette/kilo
2. 100g (= 100 grams) ofb. bread
3. a loaf ofc. cheese/meat/olives/potato salad
4. half ad. ham/bread/cake

Now study and complete the dialogue below.

About 100ga little less …that’s fineA little more
I’d like someplease give me aboutthat’s allcan I have some

Claire:____________ of that cheese please. (1)
Assistant: Certainly. How much would you like?
Claire: _____________(2)
Assistant: Here you are. Anything else?
Claire: Yes,__________ of this beef? (3)
Assistant: Sure. This much?
Claire: _____________, please. (4)
Assistant: This much?
Claire: No, __________. Thank you. (5)
Assistant: Anything else?
Claire: Yes,___________ 10 slices of that ham. (6)
Assistant: Sure. Here you are.
Claire: Thank you,_____________ . (7)

Comida / Food

Tomatoes, potatoes, carrots, onions, peppers, garlic; mangoes, pineapple(s), strawberries, melon(s), apples, pears, cherry/cherries, spinach, lettuce, oil, cereal, coffee, sugar, tea, shrimp, lamb, ice cream, soda, pop, juice, milk, bread, cake.

For more on food vocabulary check:

Countables and uncountables with food:

Let´s talk about food:

  • About how many different color foods did you eat for dinner last night?
  • Do you think about color when you are preparing a meal?
  • Are there any foods that you wouldn’t eat as a child that you eat now?
  • Are you a good cook?
  • Are you a vegetarian?
  • Are you concerned about your daily calorie intake when choosing something to eat?
  • At what times do you usually eat your meals?
  • Breakfast?
  • Lunch?
  • Dinner?
  • Did you drink coffee this morning?
  • Did you eat lunch today?
  • Do you always eat dinner with your family?
  • Do you always eat vegetables?


  • Did you know that in the world there are two major systems for measurement?
  • The Imperial and the metric systems. They have different units of length, weight and temperature.

Imperial system: acres, yard, inches, feet, pound, ounces, gallon, a pint, Fahrenheit degrees °F.

Metric system: meters, kilo, grams, liter, Celsius degrees °C.

Check the following videos:

Can you explain how tall are you in feet and inches? Or your weight on pounds?

Verbos de cocina/Cooking verbs: add, blend, broil, bake, cut, cook, chop, chill, defrost, heat, oil, fry, freeze, mix, peel, roast, stir, serve, season, sprinkle, shredded, slice, steam.

Revisa el siguiente vocabulario:

Cookies recipe:

Check the following video:

After the listening practice, answer the following:

  • What are the ingredients?
  • How long does it take to finish?
  • What are the steps to prepare a cookie? 


Recuerda el significado de las expresiones: Like to (gustar), Need to (necesitar), Want to (querer), Have to (tener que). 

We can now talk about the culture of shopping and see if “el buen fin” compares to days like Black Friday and Cyber Monday (kick offs to the official start of the holiday shopping madness the last Friday in November and the following Monday).

Remember that we use many and much to refer to quantity.

«Persevere is synonymous with tenacity, do not lose heart, keep persevering in your education». Don´t give up and keep the good work. 

To complete the activities for this class, don´t forget to complete this lesson´s Consigna. Good luck!!

I see you in the next lesson, until next time.

Fuentes de información