Deportes, ejercicio y actividades de interés
Welcome to class 2!!!
¿Sabes que conjugación debes usar para hablar de lo que está pasando justo en este instante? o ¿Qué diferencia hay entre en presente simple y el presente continuo?
En esta clase hablaremos de deportes, ejercicio y actividades de interés realizadas en este exacto momento, esta conjugación nos será útil también para hablar del clima que tenemos en este instante.
Contenidos clase 2. Deportes, ejercicio y actividades de interés:
- Presente Continuo en sus formas afirmativa, negativa e interrogativa
- Expresiones en deportes
- Verbos relacionados a deportes
- Expresiones de tiempo
Let´s start this class by clarifying the present continuous (also called present progressive) which is a verb tense used to show that an ongoing action is happening now, either at the moment of speech or now in a larger sense. The present continuous can also be used to show that an action is going to take place in the near future.
Desarrollo del tema
Present Continuous Forms
The present continuous is formed using am/is/are + present participle.
Questions are indicated by inverting the subject and am/is/are.
Negatives are made with not.
- Statement: You are watching TV.
- Question: Are you watching TV?
- Negative: You are not watching TV.
Exceptions when adding ‘ing’ :
- Silent “e” is dropped. (but: does not apply for -ee)
Example: come – coming but: agree – agreeing
- After a short, stressed vowel, the final consonant is doubled.
Example: sit – sitting
- After a vowel, the final consonant “l” is doubled in British English (but not in American English).
Example: travel – travelling (British English) but: traveling (American English)
- Final “ie” becomes “y”.
Example: lie – lying
|I am going||I am not going||I’m not going||Am I going?|
|You are going||You are not going||You aren’t going||Are you going?|
|He/she/it is going||He/She /it is not going||He/she/ it isn’t going||Is he/Is she/Is it going?|
|We are going||We are not going||We aren’t going||Are we going?|
|You are going||You are not going||You aren’t going||Are you going?|
|They are going||They are not going||They aren’t going||Are they going?|
For more on the present continuous:
Present Continuous Uses
USE 1 Now
Use the present continuous with regular verbs to express the idea that something is happening now, at this very moment. It can also be used to show that something is not happening now. Examples:
- You are learning English now.
- You are not swimming now.
- Are you sleeping?
- I am sitting.
- I am not standing.
- Is he sitting or standing?
- They are reading their books.
- They are not watching television.
- What are you doing?
- Why aren’t you doing your homework?
USE 2 Longer Actions in Progress Now
In English, «now» can mean this second, today, this month, this year, this century, and so on. Sometimes, we use the present continuous to say that we are in the process of doing a longer action which is in progress; however, we might not be doing it at this exact second. Examples:
- I am reading the book Tom Sawyer.
- I am not reading any books right now.
- Are you working on any special projects at work?
- Aren’t you teaching at the university now?
USE 3 Near Future
Sometimes, speakers use the present continuous to indicate that something will or will not happen in the near future. Examples:
- I am meeting some friends after work.
- I am not going to the party tonight.
- Is he visiting his parents next weekend?
- Isn’t he coming with us tonight?
USE 4 Repetition and Irritation with «Always»
The present continuous with words such as «always» or «constantly» expresses the idea that something irritating or shocking often happens. Notice that the meaning is like simple present, but with negative emotion. Remember to put the words «always» or «constantly» between «be» and «verb+ing». Examples:
- She is always coming to class late.
- He is constantly talking. I wish he would shut up.
- I don’t like them because they are always complaining.
Present simple vs present continuous
Para muchos el presente simple y el presente continuo llega a tener complejidad…pero es muy sencillo. Vamos a contrastarlos:
Do you want to express that something happens in general or that something is happening right now?
|Simple Present||Present Progressive|
|In general (regularly, often, never)|
Colin plays football every Tuesday.
Present actions happening one after another
First Colin plays football, then he watches TV.
Look! Colin is playing football now.
Also, for several actions happening at the same time
Colin is playing football and Anne is watching TV.
|Signal words||Signal words|
|at the moment|
at this moment
Note: The following verbs are usually only used in Simple Present:
be, have, hear, know, like, love, see, smell, think, want.
For more on present continuous check the video:
Is present progressive clear now? For further practice, solve the following exercises:
Existen diferentes disciplinas deportivas en todo el mundo y es un tema muy recurrente, por lo que cobra relevancia entender vocabulario y expresiones que incluso se vuelven parte de nuestra cultura y este tema nos puede ayudar a desarrollar aun más el contraste entre presente simple y progresivo.
We know now that there are many different sports disciplines around the world… So let´s check the following reading passage:
Why Are Sports Important?
Sports are deeply ingrained in the different cultures found around the world. Learning about sports helps you to get to know more about your surroundings, breaking down language and cultural barriers as you get to know new vocabulary and expressions as you practice your favorite disciplines. Moreover, practicing a sport is the perfect way to learn about sportsmanship, and also to grasp the importance that teamwork has in a person’s life. Additionally, as children grow up practicing a sport develop great physical skills, and are more inclined to make new friends have improved self-esteem and lower levels of stress, which in turn is quite beneficial for their mental health. So, sports are not only great for the body, but also for the mind.
From ancient Egypt to the first Olympic Games in Greece, sports are one of the most valuable activities for humanity and, for children especially, it’s one of the foundations of a positive physical and mental development throughout their lives. Whether it’s running, playing tennis, or doing gymnastics, sports are a great asset for kids’ education.
What Is A Sport?
There are many different sports disciplines around the world, some more known than others. However, to learn about these it could be a good idea to first answer the main question “What is a sport?” A sport is an activity that is competitive and athletic, and which requires some particular set of skills or physical abilities to be carried out.
There are several types of sports, usually divided by four main categories according to the types of skills required: physical sports (swimming, gymnastics), motorized sports (these often involve vehicles like cars or motorbikes), mind sports (like chess, which needs a lot of attention and critical thinking skills), and sports with animals (horseback riding, for example). Some of these activities can be individual, and others may be performed in couples or even teams.
Abstract taken from: https://lingokids.com/english-for-kids/list-of-sports
What is your favorite sports category?
Let’s take a look at some sports vocabulary in English:
Sports: Basketball, soccer, football, volleyball, aerobics, weight training (weightlifting), karate, bowling, running, cycling, skating, skiing, athletics, swimming, water polo.
Expressions for sports: Match, score, turnout, handicap, tie, whistle, referee.
For more vocabulary on sports check the following:
Verbs related to sports: swim, run, play, practice, go jogging, jump, ride, skate, throw, catch, bowl, lift, kick, move, ski, dive.
You can revie some of these sports related verbs on the following video:
Do you like any team sport?
We use the verbs play, do and go with sports and activities. Here is the information you need to know to use them correctly:
The verb “Play” is used with ball sports or competitive games where we play against another person:
- How often do you play tennis? – tennis is a ball sport.
- I play poker with my friends on Friday night. – poker is a competitive game. We play to win.
- I don’t like playing computer games. – again, computer games are competitive, so we use play.
This is used for a recreational activity or a non-team sport that does not use a ball:
- I heard that you do karate. – karate is a non-team activity.
- I do crossword puzzles in my free time. – crossword puzzles are not competitive.
The verb “Go” is used with activities that end -ing. We go somewhere to do something here are some examples using the present progressive:
- Are you going skiing this winter?
- She said she is going swimming.
To talk about the weather:
Every radio and TV show, and many newspapers and websites, report the weather. They give weather forecasts (what they think the weather will be in the future) and sometimes they report on what the weather has been in the past, or even what is actually happening right now as some reporters present specially in extreme weather conditions.
Here are some typical expressions used in a weather report and vocabulary related to weather:
- a high of twenty degrees
- a low of -25
- 20 percent chance of snow/rain
- mainly sunny
- sunny with cloudy periods
- record high/low
- above/below average temperatures
- a few flurries
- 5-day forecast
- temperatures are going to drop/dip (go down)
- temperatures are going to plunge (rapidly get very cold)
- temperatures are going to rise/climb (go up)
- temperatures are going to soar (rapidly get very hot)
- a warm/cold front is moving in (air from another region is arriving)
Clima/Weather: Sunny, windy, rainy, cloudy, foggy, snowy, stormy, icy, cold, hot, warm, humid, hail.
Time Expressions for present tenses: Right now, today, this morning, this month, this week, this year, this semester, this season, these days, nowadays.
Let´s check some more of this in the following video:
Reading: Weather report
Welcome to the weather forecast. Now, let’s see what the weather is like today: In the north of the country, it’s very windy and cold. There is a chance of some rain too, so don’t leave home without your umbrella! The temperature is around 10° centigrade. In the east it’s rainy all day today, I’m afraid. There may be a thunderstorm in the afternoon. The temperature is a bit higher, at around 13°. In the west and middle of the country the weather is dry, but cloudy. So no rain for you, but it is quite windy and the temperature is just 10°. The south of the country has the best weather today. It’s cloudy most of the time but sunny this afternoon. The temperature is around 15°.
- Which weather description from the report do you like better, north or south?
- How is the weather right now around you?
Since we have focused on the present you can use all the previous to express how is the weather right now…for that you may use the present tenses and say something like:
Right now, the weather is sunny, but it is feeling cold and it is starting to be windy…
Notice how present simple and progressive were used. To clarify even more this topic check the following:
Conclusion Simple present vs. Present continuous
- Simple present: Su formación es muy fácil, se utiliza la forma verbal en presente. Por ejemplo: Susan lives in London.
- Present continuous: Se utiliza el auxiliar to be más el gerundio del verbo principal, es decir, la forma acabada en -ing. Por ejemplo: I am going to the cinema.
We use present simple to talk about things that someone does regularly, or things that are always true. We use adverbs like “sometimes” with present simple sentences to explain how often we do something.
The present continuous o progressive can be used to describe what is happening right now.
Need and want are examples of “state verbs” which describe feelings. They cannot be used in continuous forms.
Diferencias de uso
La diferencia es muy clara, el present continuous indica acciones que pasan mientras hablas, el present simple indica acciones rutinarias, habituales o permanentes.
Now that we have review the class topics, don’t forget to finish the Consignas fot this class.
You have finished the second class. Keep trying, you are doing very well! To continue with the next topic in the course, you must first complete the corresponding activity.
Until next time!.
Fuentes de información
- Lingokids (2020) List of Sports. Recuperado de https://lingokids.com/english-for-kids/list-of-sports