Clase digital 4. Maravillas del mundo

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Maravillas del mundo

Presentación del tema


It is a pleasure to be together again. Welcome to class 4. This time we are going to touch base on the wonders of the world.

  • Are you able to express comparison between two subjects? 
  • Can you use the adjectives and adverbs in their correct comparative forms? 
  • Do you know how to do comparison between three or more subjects using the correct superlative forms of the adjectives and adverbs?

In the program the topics are marked as follow:

6. Maravillas del mundo

There are many natural wonders, most of them are studied by Geography, which is the study of the earth. In that class you may encounter some of the following vocabulary: Natural wonders: archipelago, desert, island, mountain, rain forest, river, coast, glacier, lake, ocean, reef, volcano, waterfall, canyon, cave, valley, rainbow, lighting, wildlife, northern light, tornado. 

The man-made wonders of the world are many of the most famous and intriguing buildings and monuments created by humans, featuring a range of structures from buildings to monuments, statues, and bridges. Here is some vocabulary for Man-made wonders: skyscraper, monument, stadium, pyramid, ruin, Eiffel Tower, the Great Wall, Taj Mahal palace, Ancient City, Golden Gate Bridge, Capilano Suspension Bridge, Statue of Liberty, Sheikh Zayed Grant Mosque, Christ the Redeemer.

In today’s world of technology, knowledge is easier to acquire than any other time in history. With this in mind, you can do some research on a particular city using the internet and a Google search or a site such as Google Earth. By typing the name of the city or monument into the search engine, you will be able to access plenty of information about the place you have chosen. It is like traveling without moving from home. 

Which place will you choose?

Maravillas del mundo antiguo:

6.1 Adjetivos comparativos y superlativos

An adjective is one of the parts of speech. It is a word that tells us more about a noun. It «describes» or «modifies» a noun. An adjective often comes BEFORE a noun. But adjectives can also modify pronouns. Note that we can often use two or more adjectives together: a beautiful young French lady / it is black and white.

The next is a list of most frequent adjectives:quick, easy, busy, slow, nice, hard, cheap, convenient, popular, outstanding, expensive, personal, interesting, big, small, tiny, large, enormous, shiny, smooth, rough, slippery, long, short, deep, shallow, square, round, rectangular.

Comparative adjectives

Comparative adjectives are used to compare differences between the two objects they modify (larger, smaller, faster, higher). They are used in sentences where two nouns are compared, in this pattern:
Noun (subject) + verb + comparative adjective + than + noun (object).

Can you compare your house to the Taj Mahal?
What adjectives would you use?

7. Itinerario de actividades en el campo y en la ciudad

How are city people and country people different?
What are the biggest problems with living in cities?
What are the advantages of cities and what are the ones of the countryside?

To answer many similar questions, we need vocabulary for the city and the countryside.

  • City: gym, garden, bank, drugstore/ pharmacy, post office, newsstand, hotel, clothing store, shoe store, cinema/ movie theater, building, main square, bus station, gas station, block(s), street, alley, highway, tunnel, rotary/ roundabout, bridge, traffic light, street sign, billboard, bar, night club, sport center, town hall. 
  • Countryside: hostel, inn, bed and breakfast, tent, campsite, mountain, mountainside, hill, hillside, field, farm.
    itinerary /schedule. 

There are advantages and disadvantages of both city life and country life. Living in the city will be completely different to living in the country and vice versa. You will experience both benefits and downsides in either one.

What do you like better? The city of the countryside?

7.1 Preposiciones de lugar

In the simplest terms, a preposition is a word that can link verbs, nouns, and pronouns together. Prepositions: in front of, behind, in the middle of, between, above, below, across from, to the left/ to the right, inside of, in/on the corner (of), on, under, next to. 

7.2 Verbos compuestos

Phrasal verbs are phrases that indicate actions. They are generally used in spoken English and informal texts. Phrasal verbs consist of a verb and a preposition or an adverb.

phrasal verbs: go down, go up, take- turn right / left, walk, drive, go straight ahead, go forward, go back, go by, get off, get on, stop at. 

7.3 Verbos relacionados al uso del tiempo

Time related verbs:  spend time, invest time, save time, waste time + verb(ing) 

Do you know the compass points?
Compass points: north, south, east, west 

As you see the topic in this class is mainly related to places, countryside and the city, propositions are useful to connect ideas related to any place. 

Are you able to give somebody directions to get from the bus terminal in your community to your house?

Please review the following suggested materials to deep in the topics presented.

Objetivo didáctico de la clase

Expresarse y comparar las maravillas naturales y las hechas por el hombre, las diferencias entre el campo y la ciudad.

Contenido didáctico

No.Nombre del recursoSinopsisTipo de recursoEnlace Web
1GeographyVocabulario sobre las maravillas naturalesvideo[Acceder]
2Wonders of the worldMaravillas hechas por el hombrevideo[Acceder]
3Wonders of the worldMaravillas hechas por el hombrevideo[Acceder]
4Long and short adjectivesDistinguir entre adjetivos cortos y largosvideo[Acceder]
5Comparative and superlative adjectivesExplicación de superlativos y comparativos en inglésPágina web[Acceder]
6CityVocabulario sobre la ciudadvideo[Acceder]
7Countryside vocabularyVocabulario sobre el campovideo[Acceder]
8What is better City life vs country?Comparativo entre el campo y la ciudadvideo[Acceder]
9PrepositionsExplicación sobre preposicionesvideo[Acceder]
10Phrasal verbs for everydayDesarrollo sobre verbos frasevideo[Acceder]
11Compass pointsExplicación de los puntos cardinalesvideo[Acceder]
12Give directionsDar instrucciones para llevar a distintos puntos en la ciudadvideo[Acceder]

Material didáctico complementario

No.Nombre del recursoSinopsisTipo de recursoEnlace Web
1Comparatives and superlativesPracticar comparativos y superlativos en inglésvideo[Acceder]
2PrepositionsExplicación sobre preposicionesvideo[Acceder]
3Practice prepositionsPractica con preposicionesvideo[Acceder]
4Phrasal verbsExplicación sobre verbos frasevideo[Acceder]
5Dialog giving directionsPracticar con un diálogo donde se dan instruccionesvideo[Acceder]

Resumen e ideas relevantes de la clase digital


Review the vocabulary provided. Remember that a preposition is a word that shows the relationship between a word in the sentence and the word that is the object of the preposition. Prepositions can never be alone, so it makes sense to learn about prepositions in their phrases and they are needed to express places and locations, so they are useful while giving directions in the countryside or the city. 

Also, a phrasal verb is a combination of two or three words including a base verb. The whole phrase acts as a verb that is different from the base verb used.

We reviewed how to compare the city and the countryside. In the following chart there is a summary of the comparative and superlative forms of the adjectives and adverbs.

DefinitionComparatives are used to compare two things, animals, persons or similar groups and to emphasize the equality, inferiority, superiority of the term compared to another.For comparisons of three or more things, animals, persons or groups, you must use the superlative. The superlative designates extremes: the best, the biggest, the worst, the last, etc.
EqualityShort and long adjectives:
as… adjective… as
It doesn’t exist
InferiorityShort and long adjectives:
less+ adjective + than…
Short and long adjectives:
the least + adjective
SuperiorityShort adjectives:
adjective+ –er than…
Mike is taller than George.
Long adjectives:
moreadjective + than…
Short adjectives:
the + adjective –est
Usain Bolt is the fastest man in the world
Long adjectives:
the most + adjective:

How did you do during this lesson?
Don´t forget to practice and do your Consignas to have evidence of your newly acquired skills.
See you next lesson!