Clase digital 5. Planes a futuro

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Planes a futuro

Presentación del tema


Welcome to class 5 about plans and vacations, the topics on this lesson are marked in our program as follow:

8. Planes/ Vacaciones

Before I go on vacation, I always plan my trip. For starters, I usually take a look at travel guidebooks or go online and review possible destinations. Then, I check the costs involved in traveling to that particular place. If I’m going by plane, then I have to compare prices on airfare for different airlines. If I’m traveling by train, then I must look into train passes or tickets. I also need to locate hotel accommodations. Fortunately, I don’t mind staying at cheap hotels or even a youth hostel. Finally, I try to budget money for meals and other sightseeing expenses. If I plan carefully, I usually have a good time.

What advice can you give to someone who is planning to visit your country? 
Could you include information about what to pack, accommodations, places to see?

  • Vacation Plans: camp, b & b (bed and breakfast), motel, resort, camp site, excursion, hostel, destination, journey, holiday, passenger, route, tour, tourist, travel, trip, occupancy, front desk, concierge, beach, city, picnic, take photographs, pack, go camping, go sightseeing, booking, travel by (plane, car, bus, train, ship).
  • Common Travel objects: bathing suit, sleeping bag, tent, insect repellent, first-aid kit, flashlight, batteries, towel, sandals, toiletries, sunscreen, razor, hair dryer, brush, comb, toothbrush, toothpaste, sunglasses, suitcase/ luggage, passport, visa, postcards, souvenirs, map, backpack, pictures, camera.

8.1 Presente continuo con significado de futuro.

English speakers often use the present continuous tense (subject + ‘be’ = verb-ing) to talk about future arrangements. 
A future arrangement is a plan that you have decided and organized with another person. 

Subject + verb TO BE + verb –ing + complement + time expression

Then, using these in real life, imagine you are going to have a vacation and you are planning a trip. There are many arrangements for a trip that you and your friend are taking next week. Based on your itinerary you must use sentences in the Present continuous like: He is coming with me on a trip to the beach. We are leaving for the excursion next Monday. Our parents are booking to travel by plane. We are planning a nice holiday and a great tour

8.2 Futuro

The simple future is a verb tense that is used to talk about things that haven’t happened yet. We use the simple future to talk about an action or condition that will begin and end in the future.

8.3 Will y going to

Depending in the certainty of the future event we can use two structures:

  • Will 
  • Going to + verb (infinitive)

8.4 Expresiones de tiempo en futuro

Future time expressions: Tomorrow, the day after tomorrow, next week, month, year, later, later in the week, in an hour, soon, in the near future.

The following is vocabulary for personal and professional Goals: 

  • Verbs: work, study, travel, do a masters/ doctorate/ PhD, change job, go on an exchange program, plan, afford. 
  • Nouns: plan, objective, ambition, prediction, expectation, masters, doctorate/ PhD. 

Objetivo didáctico de la clase

Usar las formaciones de futuro con “will” y “be going to” para hablar de planes futuros y usar vocabulario relevante sobre planes de viaje, vacaciones, metas personales y profesionales.

Contenido didáctico

No.Nombre del recursoSinopsisTipo de recursoEnlace Web
1VacationsVocabulario sobre vacacionesvideo[Acceder]
2Travel VocabularyVocabulario sobre viajesvideo[Acceder]
3Will -be going toExplicación de uso del futuro simple con will -be going toPágina web[Acceder]
4Future simpleExplicación del uso de will -be going tovideo[Acceder]
5Future simpleExplicación del uso de will -be going tovideo[Acceder]
6Personal goalsVocabulario sobre metas personalesvideo[Acceder]

Material didáctico complementario

No.Nombre del recursoSinopsisTipo de recursoEnlace Web
1Recommendations for packingRecomendaciones para empacar en un viajevideo[Acceder]
2Practice future simplePractica el uso del futuro simplevideo[Acceder]

Resumen e ideas relevantes de la clase digital


La diferencia en el uso de “will” o “be going to” es la probabilidad, acciones inciertas o promesas llevarán “will” mientras que “be going to” se usará para expresar planes o hechos contundentes a futuro y en el caso de que ya se hayan tomado acciones para que la acción futura suceda.

  • Futuro simple (“will”) / presente simple de indicativo

a. We use the future simply with “will” to predict the future. It is the basic way we talk about the future in English, and we often use it if there is no reason to use another future tense. We can use it for future facts and for things that are less certain.

b. Promises / requests / refusals / offers. This is sometimes called “volitional” “will”. It’s about wanting to do something or not wanting to do something in the future.

In a similar way, we often use “will”  when we’re talking about a decision at the moment of speaking. We are usually making an offer or promise or talking about something that we want to do.

c. We use the simple future with “will” in the first conditional, and in other sentences that have a conditional feeling.

AfirmativoNegativoNegativo contraídoInterrogativo
I will goI will not goI won’t goWill I go?
You will goYou will not goYou won’t goWill you go?
She will goShe will not goShe won’t goWill she go?
He will goHe will not goHe won’t goWill he go?
It will goIt will not goIt won’t goWill it go?
We will goWe will not goWe won’t goWill we go?
You will goYou will not goYou won’t goWill you go?
They will goThey will not goThey won’t goWill they go?

-going to+ verb

It is also important to understand that we can also use another structure for the future when it is an action that is surely resulting. 

a. We often use “be going to” to talk about our future intentions and plans. We have usually made our plans before the moment of speaking.

b. We can also use “be going to” to make a prediction about the future. Often it’s possible to use both “be going to” and  “will” but it is more common to use “be going to” if we can see evidence in the present.

Going to + verb (infinitive)

AfirmativoNegativoNegativo contraídoInterrogativo
I am going to goI am not going to goI’m not going to goAm I going to go?
You are going to goYou are not going to goYou aren’t going to goAre you going to go?
He is going to goHe is not going to goHe isn’t going to goIs he going to go?
She is going to goShe is not going to goShe isn’t going to goIs she going to go?
It is going to goIt is not going to goIt isn’t going to goIs it going to go?
We are going to goWe are not going to goWe aren’t going to goAre we going to go?
You are going to goYou are not going to goYou aren’t going to goAre you going to go?
Fig. 1 Will or be going to

Use the present continuous in its affirmative, negative and interrogative forms, implementing future time to express planned or previously established events.

Today/tonight/tomorrowThis + time + periodNext + time + period
TodayThis afternoonNest sunday
TonightThis mondayNext week
TomorrowThis summerNext year
The day after tomorrowThis weekNext summer
Tomorrow morning or nightThis yearNext month
Example: They are arriving tomorrowExample: I’m leaving this weekExample: next week I’m visiting my family

Thanks for your effort during this lesson, your will be rewarded once you can use all of these in real situations like plans for travel, also with all these tools now, you can talk about plans for the future in English and set your personal and professional goals.

Don’t forget to do your consigna for class 5 and answer to the corresponding test. Best of luck.
Until next time!