Governance challenges and Government’s policy and action on sustainable lake management

Author(s): Inge Retnowati
Email (s):
Institution or organization of origin: Ministry of Environment and Forestry of The Republic of Indonesia
Country: Indonesia


Estimated more than 840 (eight hundred and forty) major lakes and 735 (seven hundred and thirty five) small lakes spread inland Indonesia, accommodate 500 km3 (five hundred cubic kilometers) of water or 72% (seventy two percent) of the total Indonesian surface water. Indonesian lakes are varies in their morphogenesis, morphology socio economic condition, culture and local wisdoms, and biodiversity. One of the Indonesian lakes is Lake Matano in Sulawesi, which is the 8th deepest lake in the world. Like in many other countries, lakes in Indonesia have numerous purposes related to human life, such as for drinking water, agriculture, fishery, industry, transportation and energy. Eight of fifteen Priority Lakes have total capacity 2160 (two thousand and one hundred sixty) Megawatt of electricity.

Against this backdrop and considering the importance of lakes for human wellbeing and the ecosystem, Ministry of Environment Indonesia in cooperation with other ministries/institution organized some scientific and policy discussions for lake management. Concerning many challenges in lake management and implementation of the action plan, some action have been done. The last Government’s Policy concerning the importance of coordination among ministries,and between central and local government, this year Indonesia released Presidential Decree No. 60 Year of 2021 on Save National Priority Lakes.

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