Clase digital 3. Business, finance, and world problems

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Business, finance, and world problems

Presentación del tema

Hi again! I hope you are all doing well today. Welcome to a new English VI class. 

In today’s lesson, we will be working on an important aspect of English grammar: the passive voice in different tenses. This structure is crucial in conveying information effectively, especially in business and environmental contexts.

Before we dive into the passive voice, let’s familiarize ourselves with some key vocabulary in two significant domains: Business and Finance, and Pollution and the Environment. Understanding these terms will not only enrich your vocabulary but also provide you with the necessary language tools to navigate discussions in these areas.

In the realm of Business and Finance, we will be exploring words like bank, contract, marketing, profit, and many more. These are indispensable for anyone looking to engage in financial discussions, negotiations or transactions.

Switching gears, we will venture into the domain of Pollution and the Environment. Here, we will cover terms related to harmful effects, recycling, natural resources, and the pressing issue of global warming. This vocabulary will empower you to engage in meaningful conversations about the environment and its conservation.

As we progress, we will also practice using structures like «So + Auxiliary/Be + Subject (pronoun)» and «Neither + Auxiliary + Subject (pronoun)». These phrases are incredibly useful for expressing agreement, disagreement, and emphasizing points in a conversation.

So, let’s embark on this language-learning journey together, shall we? Remember, asking questions and actively participating will help you make the most out of today’s lesson. 

Let’s get started!

Objetivo didáctico de la clase

The learning objectives for this class are:

  1. Understand and apply the passive voice in different tenses.
  2. Become familiar with the structures «So + Auxiliary/Be + Subject (pronoun)» and «Neither + Auxiliary + Subject (pronoun)» to express agreements and disagreements.
  3. Expand vocabulary related to business and finance topics, as well as pollution and the environment.

Contenido didáctico

A continuación, se presenta el contenido didáctico de acceso abierto o institucional para profundizar en el tema.

No.Nombre del recursoSinopsisTipo de recursoEnlace Web
1Passive voiceDetailed explanation of how the passive voice is used in different tenses, as well as examples and exercises to practice.Interactive tutorial[Acceder]
2So & NeitherExplains the use of «So» and «Neither» with examples and exercises to practice: So + Auxiliary/Be + Subject and Neither + Auxiliary + Subject.Web page with interactive exercises[Acceder]
3Business English VocabularyList of terms related to business and finance, with definitions and examples of use.Interactive glossary[Acceder]
4Environmental VocabularyFlashcards with vocabulary related to pollution and the environment, including images.Flashcards[Acceder]

Material didáctico complementario

No.Nombre del recursoSinopsisTipo de recursoEnlace Web
1Passive VoiceExamples of using passive voice.Video[Acceder]
2So & Neither in English: «So do I», «Neither am I»…So & Neither expressions explained.Video[Acceder]
3Passive voice in any news resourceAnalysis of passive voice in newspaperBlog[Acceder]

Resumen e ideas relevantes de la clase digital

1. Grammatical Structures

Don’t forget about the use of the passive voice in different tenses and how it is used to show interest in the person or object that experiences an action rather than the person or object that performs the action. In other words, the most important thing or person becomes the subject of the sentence.

Also, remember the following structures:

  • So + Auxiliary/Be + Subject (pronoun)
  • Neither + Auxiliary + Subject (pronoun)

2. Vocabulary

Regarding vocabulary, it is important that you keep in mind what you saw in class such as:

  • Business and finance: bank, business, contract, marketing, accounting, account, funding, foreign markets, stocks, shares, shareholders, interest rate, investment, revenue, capital, profit, loss, recession, debt, collateral, long-term loan, short term loan, financial statement, stock market, bankrupt/ broke, dealers, income tax, assets, refund, overpriced, return of investment, credit score, credit and debit, down payment, exchange rate, foreign currency, deposit, withdraw, teller, ATM, mortgage, recession, bookkeeping, balance the accounts, CEO, hierarchy, purchase department, human resources, organization chart. 

Pollution and the environment: harmful effects, the ozone layer, global warming, acid rain, exhaust fumes, dumping, sprays, cutting down rainforests, throw away, waste, overpopulation, natural resources, recycling, waste collection, rubbish dump, garbage, trash, bottle bank, carbon monoxide, cigarette butts, dog mess, poop-scoop, litter, endangered species, exhaust fumes, greenhouse effect, natural habitat, preserve wildlife, world war, pandemic, quarantine, famine, isolation, exile, migration, poverty, equality, human rights, xenophobic, minority groups, scarcity, lack of.