Clase digital 5. Maravillas del mundo

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Maravillas del mundo


Welcome to class 5!

This time we are going to touch base on wonders of the world. In the program the topics are marked as follow:

  • Maravillas del mundo
    • Adjetivos comparativos y superlativos

Are you be able to express comparison between two subjects?

Can you use the adjectives and adverbs in their correct comparative forms?

Do you know to do comparison between three or more subjects using the correct superlative forms of the adjectives and adverbs?

Don’t worry, in this lesson we will review all of that, also while talking about the natural and man-made wonders of the world.

Let’s start this lesson.

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Maravillas del mundo

There are many natural wonders, most of them are studied by Geography, which is the study of the earth. In that class you may encounter some of the following vocabulary.

Natural wonders: archipelago, desert, island, mountain, rain forest, river, coast, glacier, lake, ocean, reef, volcano, waterfall, canyon, cave, valley, rainbow, lighting, wildlife, northern light, tornado.

In the video about Geography next you could check the vocabulary presented:

The man-made wonders of the world are many of the most famous and intriguing buildings and monuments created by humans, featuring a range of structures from buildings to monuments, statues, and bridges.

Here is some vocabulary for Man-made wonders: skyscraper, monument, stadium, pyramid, ruin, Eiffel Tower, the Great Wall, Taj Mahal palace, Ancient City, Golden Gate Bridge, Capilano Suspension Bridge, Statue of Liberty, Sheikh Zayed Grant Mosque, Christ the Redeemer.

Imagen 1. Maravillas que el hombre ha hecho.

In the following videos you can see some of the wonders of the world:

In today’s world of technology, knowledge is easier to acquire than any other time in history. With this in mind, you can do some research on a particular city using the internet and a Google search or a site such as Google Earth. By typing the name of the city or monument into the search engine, you will be able to access plenty of information about the place you have chosen is like traveling without moving from home.

Which place will you chose?

Check the following:

Adjetivos comparativos y superlativos

An adjective is one of the parts of speech. It is a word that tells us more about a noun. It «describes» or «modifies» a noun.

An adjective often comes BEFORE a noun:

  • a green car
  • an interesting story

And sometimes an adjective comes AFTER a verb:

  • My car is green.
  • His story seemed interesting.

But adjectives can also modify pronouns. Look at these examples:

  • They were empty.
  • Those are not expensive.

Note that we can often use two or more adjectives together

  • A beautiful young French lady / it is black and white.

The next is a list of most frequent adjectives: quick, easy, busy, slow, nice, hard, cheap, convenient, popular, outstanding, expensive, personal, interesting, big, small, tiny, large, enormous, shiny, smooth, rough, slippery, long, short, deep, shallow, square, round, rectangular.

Some distinguish between long and short adjectives:

Comparative adjectives

Comparative adjectives are used to compare differences between the two objects they modify (larger, smaller, faster, higher). They are used in sentences where two nouns are compared, in this pattern:

Noun (subject) + verb + comparative adjective + than + noun (object).

  • We use comparative adjectives to show change or make comparisons:
    • I’m feeling happier now.
    • We need a bigger garden.
  • We use than when we want to compare one thing with another:
    • She is two years older than me.
    • New York is much bigger than Boston.
  • When we want to describe how something or someone changes we can use two comparatives with and:
    • The balloon got bigger and bigger.
    • Everything is getting more and more expensive.
  • We often use the with comparative adjectives to show that one thing depends on another:
    • The faster you drive, the more dangerous it is = When you drive faster, it is more dangerous
    • The higher they climbed, the colder it got = When they climbed higher, it got colder

Check the following on Comparative adjectives:

Superlative adjectives

Superlative adjectives are used to describe an object which is at the upper or lower limit of a quality (the tallest, the smallest, the fastest, the highest). They are used in sentences where a subject is compared to a group of objects.

Noun (subject) + verb + the + superlative adjective + noun (object).

When you compare two things, animal or persons and you want to express inferiority of one of them, you must put the word “less” before the adjective.

Practice in the following video comparatives and superlatives:

Can you compare your house to the Taj Mahal?
What adjectives would you use?


In the following chart there is a summary of the comparative and superlative forms of the adjectives and adverbs.

DefinitionComparatives are used to compare two things, animals, persons or similar groups and to emphasize the equality, inferiority, superiority of the term compared to another.For comparisons of three or more things, animals, persons or groups, you must use the superlative. The superlative designates extremes: the best, the biggest, the worst, the last, etc.
EqualityShort and long adjectives:
as… adjective… as
It doesn’t exist
InferiorityShort and long adjectives:
less + adjective + than…
Short and long adjectives:
the least + adjective
SuperiorityShort adjectives:
adjective + -er than…
Long adjectives:
more+ adjective + than…
Short adjectives:
the + adjective –est
Long adjectives:
the most + adjective

See you next class.

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