Learning guide Ingeniería Ambiental del Agua y Suelos

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Ingeniería Ambiental del Agua y Suelos

Foundation of the course

Environmental pollution is the consequence of terrestrial functions (biogenic origin) and human activities (anthropogenic origin), which have had negative impacts that destabilize the physical, biological and chemical integrity of ecosystems and the elements that interact in them.

With the passage of time and hand in hand with human development, the variety and quantity of polluting compounds have increased significantly, consequently generating the development of technologies based on physical, chemical, or biological principles, which have allowed the removal, degradation, or transformation of toxic compounds in soil or water, until environmental systems are brought to less harmful conditions, or until they return to conditions similar to the initial ones, prior to contamination.

To ensure the success in the application of these decontamination technologies, it is necessary to know the constituent elements of the soil and the bodies of water, biotic or abiotic, so that they can be used in favor of said environmental remediation processes. In the same way, it is imperative to know and understand the applicable regulatory framework for soil and water, so that the application of technologies for remediation are executed within the applicable legal framework, guaranteeing regulatory compliance.

General competency

The student systematically analyzes the environmental factors (biotic and abiotic) that interact in the contaminated soil and water environmental systems, so that they can propose technically viable, economically sustainable, and socially responsible environmental remediation strategies, following the technical guidelines and within the legal framework. applicable.


Unit 1: Basics

1.1. Introduction
1.2. Systemic analysis of ecosystems
1.2. Contamination in soil and water systems
1.3.1. Types of pollutants, transportation, and final destination
1.3.2. Physical and chemical characteristics of pollutants

Unit 2: Legal and regulatory framework

1.1. Legal and regulatory framework of environmental systems
1.2. Environmental Laws in Mexico: Soil and Water
1.3. Environmental standards in Mexico: Soil and water

Unit 3: Treatments and technologies for the remediation of environmental pollution

3.1. Treatment of environmental contamination of water and soils
3.2. Conditions and restrictions of the technologies for the environmental remediation of water and soils
3.2.1. Case study and analysis

Unit 4: Physicochemical methods for the remediation of contaminants in water and soils

4.1. Technologies for soil remediation
4.1.1. Vapor extraction
4.1.2. Venting
4.1.3. Washed
4.1.4. Electrokinetics
4.1.5. Heat treatments
4.2. Technologies for water remediation
4.2.1. Primary treatments of a water treatment plant
4.2.2. Secondary treatments of a water treatment plant
4.2.3. Tertiary treatments of a water treatment plant
4.2.4. Polishing treatments

Unit 5: Biological methods for the remediation of contaminants in water and soils

5.1. Natural attenuation
5.2. Bioaugmentation
5.3. Biostimulation
5.4. Phytoremediation
5.5. Microalgae and diatoms

Work methodology

For remote work, the following considerations should be taken:
1. Study materials will include:
a) Specialized scientific articles where cases of environmental contamination in soil and water can be analyzed, specifying the experimental strategies that were used to solve the problem.
b) Books or book chapters that provide general knowledge to support technological proposals for environmental remediation.
c) Laws and official standards will serve to establish the necessary technical and legal criteria prior to, during, and at the end of the application of remediation technologies.
2. Communication between platform users related to the content of this UDA will be carried out through the means available on this platform, under criteria of respect, a proactive, collaborative, and inclusive attitude, and in constructive terms.
3. The programmed instructions must be complied with so that they serve as evidence of learning, which can be complementary to other orders. All these activities must be related to the content of the UDA.
4. Both the students and the teacher must show commitment to establish the conditions for monitoring and accompaniment during the course.

Assessment criteria

The evaluation criteria are described below:

Regarding the evaluation criteria:

  • He will attend the sessions and contribute to the enrichment of the case studies, by discussing concepts and terms related to the topics covered in the sessions. These topics, concepts, or terms will have to be related to the central content and will not necessarily form part of the established content, but it could be complementary or particular as the case may be.
  • The grade will correspond 100% to the planned activities, being these: assessments or knowledge tests, deliverables, and academic performance during the sessions.
  • Considering the previous point, the evaluation results from comprehensive scrutiny, including instruments that prefer qualitative and quantitative evaluation, and that allow observing the development of the UDA’s competence progressively.

Regarding the development of the content of the UDA:

  • You must present in time and sign all the badges awarded during the development of the content of the UDA
  • You must participate in the discussion and exchange of ideas forums as much as required, consistently providing feedback and arguing the ideas using academic knowledge (theoretical and/or practical) as the case may be.

The weights in the evaluation process will be based on the following percentages:

Collaborative and group activities10%


Edgar Vázquez NúñezSEDigital
(Sistema de Educación Digital)