Invitaciones y citas sociales
Few will have the greatness to bend history itself; but each of us can work to change a small portion of events, and in the total; of all those acts will be written the history of this generation.Robert Kennedy
Welcome to class Number 3 on invitations and social dating!
Do you know how to invite someone to your house for dinner or to go to the movies?
What do you say in English when someone invites you?
Invitations are important because you live in a society in which everybody has social interactions with people. There are always some social events such as birthdays, weddings, barbecue parties; sport or musical events; or you want to go to movies, plays, restaurants and most of the time you want to go with friends. Therefore, you need invitations.
In this session we will review expressions to invite other people. We will check expressions related to invitations and social dating, modal verbs, and vocabulary on Social and life events.
Let’s get into it!
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Invitaciones y citas sociales
People have, in daily life, social situations such as birthdays, graduations or wedding parties. Sometimes you want to go to some events such as musical concerts, sport matches, movies or simply go to a restaurant or bar. Most of the time, you and people don’t want to be alone at these activities. Therefore, you make or receive invitations.
When you give somebody an invitation, you ask if he would like to go somewhere or do something or have something. There are two answers for it: either accepts the invitation or declines the invitation.
We use the modal verbs can, could and would, to offer to do things for people or to invite them to do something. We also use them to make requests or ask permission to do something.
Verbos modales para invitaciones
What are modal verbs?
They are a type of auxiliary verb we use with other verbs to add more meaning to the verb. After modal verbs we use the infinitive form without to. Modals are not used with the auxiliary verb do; to form the negative, we add not after the modal. To ask questions, we put the modal in front of the subject.
Can I have a taste?
Modals do not change in the third person singular form (he/she/it) in the present simple.
Sophie can send photos.
Modals seem quite easy to use. What do we use them for?
We use them for lots of different things, and the same modal verbs can have several different uses like ability, necessity, offers, invitations, requests, and permission.
Modal verbs like “must,” “have to” and “have got to” show that something is not optional; it is necessary. Must is the strongest and most serious modal verb of the three and is most common in writing.
It is unusual to use “must” in questions. We can use you must … or we must … for a very polite invitation:
- You must come round and see us.
- We must meet again soon.
We can use “should”, to talk about obligation and talk about probability and expectation but mainly to give advice or make recommendations, so we can recommend going somewhere as an invitation:
- We should go to the movies.
But for invitations we use questions with could you … and would you … as polite ways of telling or asking someone to do something:
- Could you take a message, please?
- Would you carry this for me, please?
We sometimes say I can … or I could … or I’ll (I will) … to make an offer:
- I can do that for you if you like.
- I could give you a lift to the station.
- I’ll do that for you if you like.
We use the expression would you like (to) … for invitations:
- Would you like to come round tomorrow?
- Would you like another drink?
Can and will are less polite:
- Can you take a message, please?
- Will you carry this for me, please?
We use can I … to make offers:
- Can I help you?
- Can I do that for you?
We can also use shall I …:
- Shall I help you with that?
- Shall I call you on your cell phone?
Here is a video about Invitations:
Imagen 1. Invitaciones sociales.
Expresiones relacionadas a invitaciones y citas sociales / Expressions related to invitations and social dating:
- Would you like to go to…?
- May I go with you to…?
- Shall we…?
- Could we…?
- Can I join you?
- Can I invite you to…?
- Would you like to go out?
- Would you like to come with me?
- I am sorry, but I won’t be able to…
- Let’s go to…
- I am happy to hear about…
- I am delighted with…
- I am sorry for your loss.
- My sincere / deepest condolences.
These expressions will help you not only to invite somebody, but also to answer to an invitation. For pronunciation on some of these check the following video:
Practice to invite people in the following video:
Here is more vocabulary that can help you in those situations.
Eventos sociales y de vida / Social and life events: family / friends get together, farewell party, wedding, graduation ceremony, prom, blind date, engagement party, bachelor / bachelorette party, birthday party, baby shower, baptism, christening, birth, decease / death, funeral, memorial service, anniversary, religious ceremony.
This vocabulary can be review in the next video about Life events:
To practice talking about life events:
The next videos will review Holidays and special events:
After reviewing this lesson, the next dialog should be easy to practice, Mike and Ann are in a wedding party:
- Mike: Can I join you?
- Ann: Of course.
- Mike: Shall we dance?
- Ann: No thanks. I’m a bit tired right now.
- Mike: Would you like another drink?
- Ann: Sure, I would love to!
Remember that We use the modal verbs “can, could, will, shall and would” to offer to do things for people or to invite them to do something. We also use them to make requests or ask permission to do something.
In this lesson we reviewed that there are different expressions make invitations and different responses, you can go back to the vocabulary to refresh them anytime.
This is all for these lesson, don´t forget your Consignas.
See you next time.
Fuentes de información
- Can, could and would for invitations, offers, requests and permission. Recuperado de https://learnenglishteens.britishcouncil.org/grammar/b1-b2-grammar/can-could-would-invitations-offers-requests-permission
- Making Invitations. Recuperado de https://www.myenglishpages.com/english/communication-lesson-inviting.php