Clase digital 3. Ir de compras, compras en línea y precios

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Ir de compras, compras en línea y precios


Hello dear student! It is a privilege to have you in this new virtual class. Welcome to class 3. Ir de compras, compras en línea y precios. In this class we will review the following:

  • Like to, Want to, Need to, Have to
  • How much is/are ….? How much do/does …cost?
  • Pronombres demostrativos 
  • Substitution pronouns: one, ones.
  • Ropa y accesorios
  • Compras en línea

Como puedes ver al término serás capaz de ir de compras, hacer compras en línea y pedir el precio de un objeto.


Desarrollo del tema

Para iniciar con esta clase veamos 4 verbos importantes en inglés:

  • Like to (gustar). 
  • Need to (necesitar). 
  • Want to (querer). 
  • Have to (tener que). 

Estas expresiones te serán de mucha utilidad al realizar compras, pues podemos con ellos señalar lo que nos gusta, necesitamos, queremos y tenemos que comprar. Veamos más en el siguiente video:


Necesitar (hacer algo). NEED significa “necesitar” y NEED TO significa “necesitar hacer algo” o “tener la necesidad de hacer algo”. La diferencia entre HAVE TO y NEED TO es que HAVE TO implica que es una obligación externa y NEED TO es una obligación interna, que esa misma persona se ha impuesto.

  • You need a car
  • You need to wash your car
  • I need to study English (yo necesito estudiar inglés).

Querer (hacer algo). WANT significa “querer” y WANT TO significa “querer hacer algo”.

  • She wants a bicycle
  • She wants to sleep
  • I want to speak English (yo quiero hablar inglés).

Tener que (hacer algo). HAVE significa “poseer” o “tener”. HAVE TO significa “tener que hacer algo” o “tener la obligación de hacer algo”. Ya que cada palabra se usa en un contexto completamente diferente, jamás va a haber confusión sobre cuál HAVE es. Siempre que esté HAVE y luego TO significa “tener que hacer…”

  • I have two cats
  • I have to finish my work
  • I have to study English (yo tengo que estudiar inglés).

Gustar. LIKE significa “gustar” y esta expresión se usa para hablar de alguna acción que disfrutamos hacer. Nota que requiere de un verbo después del “to”.

  • I like to drink coffee in the morning.
  • I like to study English.


Otras frases realmente útiles para el momento de comparar son las que nos permiten pedir el precio de un objeto, por lo tanto, debemos usar las expresiones:

How much is / are ….? How much do / does …cost?

  • How much is it? 
  • How much does the phone cost?
Pronombres demostrativos/Demonstrative pronouns:  This/That. These/Those. 

We use this/that/these/those to explain what we are talking about. We sometimes use them with nouns and we sometimes use them on their own.

We use “this” (singular) and “these” (plural) to talk about things close to us, and “that” (singular) and “those” (plural) to talk about things at some distance away from us.

Substitution pronouns: One/ones, none.

When we are talking about countable things, we can use ONE or ONES if it is clear what we are talking about.

To avoid repeating yourself, you can use ONE when you are talking about a singular countable noun or ONES when you are talking about a plural countable noun. But it has to be clear from the situation what you are talking about.

  • I asked for a glass, but they did not have one.
  • I broke my glasses so I will have to buy some new ones.
  • I like those shoes, but let’s buy THESE ones.

A very important point about using «one» is that it is referring to an indefinite thing. «One» is to «it» as «a» is to «the».

You cannot use «one» to replace a definite thing, like «the car» or «my bike», or a proper noun, like something’s name (e.g. «Sony»). In the definite case, you need a pronoun, like «it».

Compare: «I need a pen. Do you have one?» and «The car broke down. I need to take it to the mechanic.»

Please review the following video: 

None is the pronoun form of no. None means ‘not one’ or ‘not any’. We use it as a pronoun to replace countable and uncountable nouns. We use it as subject or object:

Lori seemed to try to find some strength which would let her speak. But none came. (No strength came.)

My mother has two brothers. My father none. (My father didn’t have any brothers.)

A: What reasons did he give?
B: None

When none is the subject, the verb is either singular or plural depending on what it is referring to.

I’m always looking for inspiration. None ever comes.
She’s always looking for ideas. None ever come.

Warning: We don’t use none where we mean no one or nobody:

They had a wonderful time and luckily no one was injured.
Not: … and luckily none was injured.

For listening practice let’s check.

How much is the blue collar?

Now it is time to practice This/That. These/Those, one/ones.

Ropa y accesorios. Antes de comenzar con este tema puedes contestar lo siguiente:
  1. What are you wearing today? 
  2. Can you find three items that have a plural form? Why? 
  3. How many pairs of jeans do you own?

To answer these questions we need clothes and accessories vocabulary.

Ropa y accesorios / Clothes and Accessories:

Dress, skirt, blouse, shirt, t-shirt, sweater, jacket, coat, suit, hat, scarf and gloves, belt, purse, handbag. skirt, dress, pants/ trousers.

Lista extendida / Extended list: Jumper, sweater, sneakers/ tennis shoes, hoodie, sweatshirt, vest/waistcoat, high heels, flip flops, flats, handbag, wallet, purse, tank top, sweater, cardigan, jeans, jacket, blazer, boots, shorts, polo shirt, umbrella, dress, mittens, gloves, socks, swimsuit, bikini, trench coat, winter coat, straw hat, cap, scarf, suit, sunglasses, apron, necklace, watch, ring, earrings, tie, bow tie, ring, sleeveless shirt, underpants/ underwear/ bra.

In the following videos we can practice this vocabulary:


While shopping in English, there are different categories that you may have questions about. This probably does not differ from their shopping situation at home, but it helps to categorize things and make them easier to teach and learn.

a. Asking about location

Since western shops can be very, very large and have an abundance of products, things are all over the place. Some common questions ask where things are, where some departments are or where the bathroom is. Common phrases:

  • Where is the (singular product)?
  • Where are the (plural product)?
  • Where is the (product) department?
  • Where is the (bathroom/cash register/customer service desk)?

b. Asking about specifications

There are so many things in so many colors, shapes, sizes, brands, models and more. It is overwhelming sometimes, but knowing what questions to ask about the specific aspects of the product you are looking for can really help out. Common phrases:

  • Do you have this/these in color/size/material?
  • Do you have (brand name) (products)? — For example, “Do you have Nike athletic shoes?”
  • What (color/size/material) do you have this/these in?

c. Asking about price

This one is vital especially since some things do not have price tags on them. This will come in handy when you are out there in the big shopping world and cannot find the price anywhere. Common phrases:

  • How much is this?
  • How much are these/those?

d. Asking about payment

Most English-speaking countries love money. They do not want to refuse money in any shape or form, so they are starting to accept all sorts of payment methods. So, what should you do when you are unsure about a store’s accepted payment methods?

The best way to approach the situation is typically to decide how do you want to pay (whether it is a foreign credit card, traveler’s check or even a bank transfer) and ask the simple question “Can I pay with (payment method)?

It works much easier than asking how you could pay than getting a list of all acceptable payment methods, but one may certainly ask, “What are your accepted forms of payment?”. You should be prepared to hear and give answers of “cash only,” “credit,” “debit” and “checks”.

e. Asking about functionality

This one is important too since some products may work for all desired purposes, while other products are meant for more specific purposes or perhaps have some limitations. If you want to make sure something works with something else or in some specific way while shopping, then it is good to ask about functionality before you drop the money on it. Common phrases:

  • Does this work with (other product)?
  • Can this (verb)?
  • Can I use this to (verb)?

f. Asking about refunds and exchanges

The western world loves to please the customer to make shopping an “experience” and one way they do this is with exchanges and returns. It is not uncommon that some shops in certain countries will give exchanges and/or returns after purchase, so it is a good idea to learn some phrases that could be useful in case something happens (while the student is still in the visited country, of course). Common phrases:

  • Can I exchange this if (situation)?
  • What is the return/exchange policy?
  • Can you deliver this to (place)?
  • When will (product) be available?
  • What (product/color/style) do you recommend?

Who says it? Look at the useful language for shopping. Choose Sales assistant or Customer to show who is talking. S – sales assistant C – customer.

sizeWhat size are you? (1)I’m small / medium / large.(2) 
changing/fitting roomWhere can I try it on? (3)The changing rooms are over there. (4)
do you like it?It looks good on you. / It suits you. (5)Thanks! / It doesn’t fit. (6)
colorsHow many colors does it come in? (7)It comes in red, yellow or green. (8)
priceHow much is it? (9)It’s $30. / It’s on sale – only
$50! (10)
payingAre you paying in cash? (11)By credit card. / In cash. (12)

Online shopping

Let´s review a few words related to online shopping:

Compras en línea / Online shopping: Delivery, shipping, ordering, shopping cart, payment process, complaint, refund, store pick up, debit card, credit card, discount coupon, smart shopping, shopaholic.

shallow focus photography of paper bags
Figura 1. Imagen Compras.
  1. Do you like to shop and what are some things you usually like to shop for besides the basics?
  2. How have shops and stores changed over the years?
  3. Are you an online shopper and what do you typically buy? How does this experience compare to shopping in a physical store?
  4. How are the terms ‘consumption’ and ‘consumerism’ related? What role does consumerism play in the environment, the economy, and in our daily life? Do you think consumerism can affect our well-being?
  5. What are the differences between «needs» and «wants»? Do you think society’s needs and wants to have changed over the years?

In following videos, we will review the pros and cons of online shopping:

Type of shoppingProsCons
On line shopping
On store shopping


Recuerda el significado de las expresiones: Like to (gustar), Need to (necesitar), Want to (querer), Have to (tener que). 

We can now talk about the culture of shopping and see if “el buen fin” compares to days like Black Friday and Cyber Monday (kick offs to the official start of the holiday shopping madness the last Friday in November and the following Monday).

To conclude this lesson go to Consignas 5 and 6.

See you next time!!!

Fuentes de información