Clase digital 6. Origen, antecedentes personales e identidad cultural

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Origen, antecedentes personales e identidad cultural


Welcome to class 6!

We are going to talk about where we come from, our background and cultural identity. We need to review the verb “be”.

The verb be is the most important verb in the English language. It is difficult to use because it is an irregular verb in almost all of its forms.

Also during this class, we will introduce the WH questions, they are very important to communicate and ask about specific information.

So let’s begin with this class!

Desarrollo del tema

Verb Be en present simple

So… In the simple present tense, to be is conjugated as follows:

Tabla 1. Verbo «To be».

(Sujeto + To be + Not)
(To be + Sujeto)
I amI am notAm I?
You areYou are notAre You?
He isHe is notIs He?
She isShe is notIs She?
It isIt is notIs It?
We areWe are notAre We?
You areYou are notAre You?
They areThey are notAre They?

For more on the formation of “be”

Introducción a las preguntas WH

Las WH-Question Words son partículas interrogativas que utilizamos para hacer preguntas en inglés. Suelen causar mucha confusión a principiantes ya que se escriben de manera muy similar, empiezan por wh- (who, where) o contienen wh (HoW).


Imagen 2. Preguntas WH.

For more on the WH questions review:

  • Cultural identity is the identity or feeling of belonging to a group. It is part of a person’s self-conception and self-perception and is related to nationality, ethnicity, religion, social class, generation, locality or any kind of social group that has its own distinct culture. We will review some vocabulary needed to describe your cultural identity.
  • Lugares / locations: Hometown, town, village, city, state, country.
  • Paises / Countries: Mexico, USA, China, Canada, Japan, Brazil, Spain, Italy, France, Germany, England, Holland, Turkey, Greece, Russia, India.
  • Nacionalidades / Nationalities: Mexican, American, Chinese, Canadian, Japanese, Brazilian, Spanish, Italian, French, German, English, Dutch, Turkish, Greek, Russian, Hindi.
  • Lenguas / Languages: Spanish, English, Chinese, Japanese, Portuguese, Italian, French, German, Dutch, Turkish, Greek, Russian, Hindi.

Even English has different accents check the following video:

Ahora, con este vocabulario, más el verbo be y preguntas WH ya puedes preguntarle a alguien de dónde es, cuál es su nacionalidad, qué lengua habla o cuál es su ciudad.



  • am, are, is are forms of the verb to be in the simple present.
  • ‘m, ‘re, ‘s are short (contracted) forms of am, are, is
  • ‘m not, aren’t, isn’t are short (contracted forms) of am not, are not, is not.

Tabla 1. Verbo «be».

I amI’mI am notI’m notAm I?
You areYou’reYou are notYou aren’tAre you?
He isHe’sHe is notHe isn’tIs he?
She isShe’sShe is notShe isn’tIs she?
It isIt’sIt is notIt isn’tIs it?
We areWe’reWe are notWe aren’tAre we?
You areYou’reYou are notYou aren’tAre you?
They areThey’reThey are notThey aren’tAre they?

Recuerda también que Wh Questions son un grupo de preguntas que se caracterizan porque en su nombre tienen las letras «wh-» al inicio, excepto por uno de sus casos. Las Wh Questions más frecuentes son:

  • What : qué o cuál
  • Why : por qué
  • When : cuándo
  • Where : dónde
  • Who : quién
  • Which : cuál
  • How : cómo