Clase digital 7: Recuerdos y Sentimientos en Infancia y Adolescencia

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Recuerdos y Sentimientos en Infancia y Adolescencia

Introducción

Hello, how are you feeling today? I hope you are doing great. Welcome to class 7!! Los contenidos de la Clase 7. Recuerdos y Sentimientos en Infancia y Adolescencia. 

  • Pasado Simple de verbos regulares y verbos irregulares
  • Pronunciación del pasado -ed: /t/ /id/ /d/
  • Got + adjectives
  • Adjetivos para describir sentimientos
  • Adjetivos para describir estado de ánimo
  • Adjetivos para describir personalidad
  • Expresiones de tiempo pasado
  • Pasado simple del verbo Be en sus formas afirmativa, negativa e interrogativa
  • Etapas respecto a la edad.
  • Casa 
  • Muebles

Como te puedes percatar estaremos haciendo uso de estructuras que refieren a cosas que sucedieron hace algún tiempo. Para hablar de los recuerdos es necesarios dominar el pasado Simple de verbos regulares y verbos irregulares, así que comencemos.

Desarrollo del tema

Figura 1. Imagen pasado simple.

The simple past tense, sometimes called the preterit, is used to talk about a completed action in a time before now. The simple past is the basic form of past tense in English. The time of the action can be in the recent past or the distant past and action duration is not important.

Examples:

  • John Cabot sailed to America in 1498.
  • My father died last year.
  • He lived in Fiji in 1976.
  • We crossed the Channel yesterday.

You always use the simple past when you say when something happened, so it is associated with certain past time expressions

frequency: often, sometimes, always

  • I sometimes walked home at lunchtime.
  • I often brought my lunch to school.

a definite point in time: last week, when I was a child, yesterday, six weeks ago

  • We saw a good film last week.
  • Yesterday, I arrived in Geneva.
  • She finished her work at seven o’clock

I went to the theatre last night

an indefinite point in time: the other day, ages ago, a long time ago.

  • People lived in caves a long time ago.
  • She played the piano when she was a child.

Note: the word ago is a useful way of expressing the distance into the past. It is placed after the period of time: a week ago, three years ago, a minute ago.

Be Careful: The simple past in English may look like a tense in your own language, but the meaning may be different.

Figura 2. Imagen oraciones de pasado simple. Fuente: studybook.

Check the following video:

What did you do during the weekend?

Figura 3. Imagen oraciones en pasado simple. Fuente: studybook.
Pronunciación del pasado/ Pronunciation of past tense verbs

-ed: /t/ /id/ /d/

Plan, book, call, visit, decide, enjoy, travel.
Go, buy, get, try, eat, drink, see, spend, take-

ED past pronunciation

The past simple tense and past participle of all regular verbs end in-ed. For example:
work, worked, worked

In addition, many adjectives are made from the past participle and so end in -ed. For example:
I like neon painted furniture.

The question is, how do we pronounce the -ed? The answer is, in 3 ways:

  • /ɪd/
  • /t/
  • /d/

For more on the -ed sound:

Got + adjectives
Figura 4. Imagen uso de GET/GOT + ADJECTIVE.

Veamos el verbo get+adjetivos para expresar estados en el siguiente video:

“Get” es un verbo muy complejo que tiene muchos usos si no lleva adjetivos… así que si quieres una explicación más extensa de “get” además de su uso para estados revisa:

Adjectives

Adjectives help express the tone, feelings, and emotions of our words by accentuating the point. Of course, context clues would eventually reveal more, but adjectives allow us to describe a situation so we can continue along in our story, essay, or speech.

Adjetivos para describir sentimientos/ adjectives for feelings: Nervous, scared, relaxed, jealous, worried, surprised, stressed, embarrassed, anxious.

Adjetivos para describir estado de ánimo/ adjectives for moods: Happy, fine, excited, sad, angry, uncomfortable, depressed.

Figura 5. Imagen estado de ánimo.

You can sum up a person’s personality by examining their individual personality. However, it can be especially difficult to come up with just the right descriptive words to talk about yourself or another person. By reading daily and learning more adjectives that are appropriate for describing people and their personalities, you can build your vocabulary. Using the list of words below, you can choose just the right adjectives to describe a person or yourself!

Adjetivos para describir personalidad/ adjectives for personality: Mischievous, moody, naughty, introverted, extroverted, funny/fun, distracted, lazy, responsible, spoiled, explosive, shy, outgoing, aggressive, calm/quiet.

Can you describe your own personality?

Expresiones de tiempo/Time Expressions: Yesterday, last night, last week, last month, last year, two days ago, a week ago, three years ago, yesterday morning, the day before yesterday.

Pasado simple del verbo Be en sus formas afirmativa, negativa e interrogativa.

AfirmativoNegativoNegativo contraídoInterrogativo
I wasI was notI wasn´tWas I?
You wereYou were notYou weren’tWere you?
He/she/it wasHe/she/it was notHe/she/it wasn´tWas he/she?
We wereWe were notWe weren’tWere we?
You wereYou were notYou weren’tWere you?
They wereThey were notThey weren’tWere they?

Respecto a la edad / About age. There are various stages throughout the life of a human being some are: Baby, toddler, infant, childhood, boy, girl, teenager, adolescent, puberty, youth.

Figura 6. Imagen etapas del ser humano.

Now you have all the elements for a timeline. Let´s review the life of Nelson Mandela:

Can you identify the major events during Nelson Mandela´s life stages?

Do you remember your house when you where 5 years old? Let´s review some vocabulary:

Casa/House: Home, room, living room, dining room, kitchen, bathroom, bedroom, roof, hall, attic, basement, garden, garage, library, balcony, swimming pool. 

Muebles/Furniture: Table, chair, sofa, armchair, fireplace, chimney, door, window, handle, stair, staircase, bookshelf, bookcase, bed, closet, cupboard, toilet, washbasin, bathtub, shower.

How was your childhood house?

To check the pronunciation of this vocabulary let´s review the next video:

If you are ready complete the following exercises:

Conclusión

Remember: The simple past is a verb tense that is used to talk about things that happened or existed before now. And for regular verbs we use -ed, but this can have three ways to be pronounce: id/t/d.

Also, we commonly use get + adjective to mean ‘become’ or to describe a change of state or situation.

And finally, you need to review the vocabulary words in this class to talk about yourself or another person’s description. 

You are doing very well! Remember to prepare the assigned task and send it accordingly. Don´t forget to review all the elements of this class before doing Consignas 13 and 14.

See you next class!

Fuentes de información